Democratic Elections in the European Union [Swedish]

Democratic Elections in the European Union [Swedish]


Hello everyone. This video is a collaboration with Kurzgesagt
and will thus be a bit different. In preparation for the upcoming European election,
a number of European YouTubers will upload this video in one of the 24 official languages
of the European Union. Seeing as I’m from Sweden,
Kurzgesagt asked me to narrate their video in Swedish which I am more than happy to do. English subtitles will of course be available
but if you prefer dub over sub you can head over to Kurzgesagt’s channel. Without further ado, here’s the video. Being a citizen of the European Union means that many
aspects of our lives are regulated by a weird entity. It feels like a huge bureaucracy
is making decisions over our heads. Many Europeans think that their vote in the EU elections
doesn’t count and that the EU is not democratic. How democratic is the EU really
and does your vote actually achieve anything? In democratic states,
public policies are based on the will of the people. But the people are not a coherent thing. Countless different groups are battling for influence
and power to establish laws and rules that benefit them. In a working democracy there are checks and balances that are supposed to create a fair environment,
where these battles can be fought. Term limits stop factions from dominating too much. But all of this ends at our borders. International politics are not democratic but anarchic. No central authority is powerful enough
to ensure fairness or enforce laws so the only law is the
tyranny of the strongest and anarchy. So for most of human history,
powerful countries took what they wanted from others either by extortion or by violence. After World War II, the United Nations
were founded to overcome this anarchy by establishing rules on how countries should behave. But since the UN has virtually no power
and its members often have opposing interests it is usually politely ignored. The EU is a construct that tries to have rules and laws
for its member nations that are actually enforceable as the European Court of Justice
is able to make binding decisions. Originally the EU was founded to ensure peace between
European nations and prosperity for the continent but it’s also an attempt to gain
international power for its members. It’s like a “super state”, and it is striving to be democratic
and legitimized by all of its citizens. To do that it has to solve the problem of
different actors wanting different things. Only that its members are countries
with very different priorities. So how does this work? Since the EU is ridiculously complex and politicians
are even worse than scientists at naming things we’ll simplify massively and omit a lot of details. You can find further reading in our sources document. Ok! If you want to create a democratic union
of independent nations you have two options: One: let everybody vote for national politicians,
who then make decisions for the union together. Or two: let every citizen vote directly for an independent
institution that is able to make binding decisions. Both approaches have up and downsides and the
EU ended up with a mix of both of them. Next to the European Court of Justice there are four
main institutions that we’ll talk about today: The European Council, which is made up of the heads
of government or states of the member countries. The Council of the EU,
with ministers from the member countries. The third one is the European Commission,
which is the de facto government of the EU, having one commissioner for each member state. And lastly the European Parliament. The Parliament is the only part of the EU that is directly
elected, by you, dear citizen, in the European Elections. In principle all of these institutions of the EU
originate from your direct or indirect vote be it at the national or EU level. But some do more than others. For example, you vote for your national representative
and therefore contribute to form a national government whose head of state has a seat in the European Council. These leaders choose the President of the
EU Commission and its fellow Commissioners who eventually are confirmed by the EU Parliament. So this is a sort of indirect democracy. You didn’t vote for the Commission
but you voted for the people who appointed them and for those who confirmed and police them. So in effect 2.5 of the 4 main European Union
institutions depend on the member state governments. But since you as a citizen can only directly vote for
the European Parliament, the question is… How powerful is it? How much influence does your vote have? The European Parliament started out
with very little influence but has became more and more powerful
over the past two decades. Today it has to approve new laws,
which can be binding for the member countries. It also votes on how the EU budget is spent and,
most importantly, on international treaties. All of this makes the Parliament very powerful
and thus your vote very influential, even on an international level. Compared to national Parliaments
one major power is still missing though. The EU–Parliament officially can’t propose new laws
on its own which is often the core of the argument that the EU is not democratic enough and that the
European Parliament should be given more influence. Right now the member states’ governments
pretty much control the European Union. Giving the Parliament more power,
would make the EU as a whole more democratic but it would also take power from member states. It is not clear which approach is better. Ultimately it is for the members states and us as
citizens to decide how the Union should develop. Ok. So can we draw a conclusion here? As a whole the EU is not as democratic
as most of its member states. But it is democratic. If you don’t like decisions they make,
regarding copyright for example, you can look up what your representatives voted for,
and vote them out. The struggle to make it more democratic,
is closely tied to who holds power over what. The EU keeps changing. You, dear citizen,
are not only voting on the current politics but also on what the system
will look like in the future. There are many parties and politicians
that vowed to make the EU Parliament and therefore your vote, stronger. Many others want to keep it as it is
or even diminish it. It is for you to decide what you think is better
for the future of the Union. Currently it is equally important for the EU
who you vote for at home. Because these are the people who have the most
influence in the European Union, right now.

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100 thoughts on “Democratic Elections in the European Union [Swedish]

  1. Underbart att se sån här kvalité på en video med svensk dubbning när det gäller om EU val. I högstadiet fick vi bara se filmer med produktions budget på ca 20 spänn.

  2. I've watched so many LEMMiNO's videos that even though this is the Swedish, I thought he was speaking in English, just in ramblings

  3. Hah! you think The Danes speak wierdly? Lol I'm Norwegian and Swedish sounds like you are trying to sing with a potato in your throat lol

  4. Du har definitivt någon slags anglosaxisk inflytande i din dialekt. Det är vagt men fortfarande tydligt om man lyssnar noga. Som PewDiePies Svenska.

  5. YEAH A PROPER AND EDUCATED INPUT ABOUT EUROPE'S ELECTIONS

    And yeah I'm German so didn't catch anything at all, still loved the part about how Billy the wardrobe made its way to the parliament and strived for equal pay

  6. They EU was founded with the Masstricht Treaty in 1993. Not 1973 like the graphic suggests. The EEC was not the EU.

  7. Germany, thru the EU, achieved the dominance it was denied during both world wars. Denying that fact is equivalent to sticking your head in the sand.

  8. Det låter nästan som att du snackar svenska som en amerikan, och du snackar engelska som en svensk. Fett baklänges.

  9. Seriously?? No one is appreciating how well made this video is about the European Union. As much as the populists these days hate on the EU, I'm rather in awe at how the European Union has come about so far. It's probably the most ambitious political project the human history has ever seen.

  10. The EU..what a POS. Democracy..mob rule…Republic, individual rights are protected.

    Fuck your straight democracy. Give me a Republic any day.

  11. Fett coolt att jag tittade på videon innan denna och tänkte ”denna människan låter ju som att vara svensk” känner mig stolt nu asså

  12. So it’s a bit democratic, problem is no one pays any attention to the detail and votes at random or based on political persuasion. This is why it’s in a mess.

  13. Sweden is a decade away from total collapse but yeah…don't care about that shit, the EU is so great and totally the best. I love how a totally unelected bunch of power fetish freaks is running the show.

  14. person on internet: talks in a language that isn’t english
    english speakers: UM???? IS ENGLISH ALLOWED??? WHY ARE WE SO OPPRESSED yell crying

  15. Hello, I come from America.
    And the 2-party Democrat/Republican voting system we have today is going to burn my country down to the ground – enough for the Founding Fathers to roll over in their graves.
    Help! (semi-sarcastic)

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