Norway’s $47BN Coastal Highway | The B1M

Norway’s $47BN Coastal Highway | The B1M

The western coast of Norway is home to some
of the most dramatic landscapes on earth. Carved by glaciers throughout the ages, some
of these fjords stretch for 200 kilometres inland and are over a kilometre deep. The current convoluted travel route through
and around this terrain takes you along Norway’s 1,100 kilometre, 683 mile, E39 highway. A road with a total journey time of 21 hours. Now, the Norwegian government are working
to improve access to services and residential and labour markets across the country’s
western regions by embarking on the largest infrastructure project in the nation’s history. Norway’s E39 highway runs between, Kristiansand in the far south of the country and Trondheim
in the north. The route navigates its way across the fjord network and features no fewer
than seven ferry crossings. The new coastal highway project aims to eliminate
the need for ferry services altogether by building a series of bridges and tunnels across,
through and under the landscape. With many of the fjords along the route being
too wide or too deep for conventional infrastructure to cross, innovative new solutions are being investigated by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration. Rogfast is the first in a series of crossings
that will link the E39, connecting Stavanger and Haugesund via a 27 kilometre, 16 mile,
under sea tunnel. This structure will reach depths of up to
390 metres below sea level, making it the deepest as well as the longest undersea road
tunnel in the world. The Rogfast project will in fact consist of
two tunnels connected every 250 metres with emergency exits. Each tunnel will have a lay-by
at 500 metre intervals, along with telephone and surveillance cameras along the route. The tunnel will also feature a mid-route intersection
with the island municipality of Kvitsøy creating an undersea tunnel junction and connecting
the island with the Norwegian mainland. With work begun in 2018, this element of the
project is set to be completed by 2026 at a cost of USD $2BN. While the Rogfast works are already underway,
the scale of some other fjords is presenting the project team with extreme engineering
challenges. Bjornafjord – located to the south of Bergen
– stands 5 kilometres wide, and reaches depths of 600 metres. To cross this challenging stretch of water,
a proposal has been put forward for a floating bridge, anchored to the shore at both ends. The Sulafjord crossing has seen two possible
solutions put forward. The first is for a three tower suspension
bridge, with two of the bridges’ towers anchored on land and the third central tower
anchored to the seafloor, some 400 metres below the water line. An alternative proposal for a “submerged
floating tunnel” would see two interconnected tubes running side by side tethered to the
seabed using high strength cables. Crossing the Romsdalsfjord will require a
16 kilometre undersea tunnel, much like the Rogfast project, from Alesund to Midsund – followed
by a 2 kilometre suspension bridge connecting onto Molde. By far the most complex and ambitious of all
of the coastal highway crossings is that at Sognefjord – also known as the “King of
the Fjords”. Norway’s largest and deepest fjord is over
3.7 kilometres wide and an incredible 1.3 kilometres deep at its lowest point. While these extreme distances pose their own
challenges, engineers must also account for the high number of ships that enter the fjord
on a regular basis. Any crossing must allow for a clear shipping
lane that is at least 400 metres wide – with 70 metres clearance above the water’s surface
and at least 20 metres clearance into the depths. To deliver this, the project team are considering
numerous different types of crossing for this fjord. The first is a traditional suspension bridge.
With a 3,700 metre crossing, such a structure would be almost double the length of the world’s
current longest bridge and would require support towers at least 450 metres tall, significantly
eclipsing the 343m tall Millau Viaduct in France to become the world’s tallest bridge
structure. A floating bridge is also being considered.
However, this structure would need to raise to allow ships to pass and achieving such
a feature in a bridge that is only anchored to each shoreline poses considerable engineering
challenges that are yet to be overcome. In a similar proposal to that found at Sulafjord,
a submerged floating tunnel in also being considered. This proposal would differ slightly to its
counterpart due to the extreme depth of the Sognefjord. Rather than being tethered to
the seabed, the tunnels would be suspended from floating pontoons that would allow ships
to pass overhead. A hybrid proposal is also being considered
– combining a floating pontoon bridge with a portion of submerged floating tunnel that
allows ships to pass. Whilst fixed bridges transferring into fixed
tunnels is not an uncommon solution in waterways with high shipping traffic – such as the link
between Denmark and Sweden and the extensive Hong Kong to Macau crossing – combining the
two floating structures in this way would create the world’s first example of such a
solution. Finally, a proposal for a multi-span cable
stayed bridge is under review. This structure would feature four floating pylons tethered to the sea floor rather like oil rigs. With safety and environmental considerations
being of the utmost importance, Norway’s vast coastal highway project is set to become
a new benchmark in engineering capabilities and a model for future infrastructure projects
around the world. If you enjoyed this video and would like to get more from the definitive video channel for construction, subscribe to the B1M.

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100 thoughts on “Norway’s $47BN Coastal Highway | The B1M

  1. Im sorry to say, but the picture you used as the "link between Denmark and Sweden" is actually the link between two danish islands. The Great Belt Bridge and not the öresunds bridge.
    The Picture is from Sprogø, which connects a suspension bridge with another bridge.

  2. The tunnels will convey far more legitimacy if & when only ALL ELECTRIC VEHICLES will be allowed to travel through them. Unless there is adequate ventilation — carbon monoxide pollution will ruin this otherwise ambitious plan. Cav

  3. What are the weather conditions in these areas during
    winter ? If the whole water is ice then few things to consider b4 starting

  4. Cut the environmental conscientious crap, massive infrastructure projects like these are low grade environmental disasters.

    I’d love to see repairs being done on that underwater bridge though. The real question is, what the hell would it be made of. At that length just ventilation and maintenance of that system in itself would be a struggle.

    Airtight in saltwater with hundreds of cars doing internal dmg does sound like fun for engineers. At least it’s not a “hyperloop” though eh??

  5. In America, it would cost $470 billion to do the same work, perhaps $40 billion would be spent on materials and construction, the rest would be eaten up in legal fees, red tape, favors and kickbacks to politicians, or simply disappear. But I wonder at the necessity of a $47 billion super highway when more people increasingly work at home and shop at home. 10 years ago, I had to commute to and from work, I had to shop in grocery stores, department stores, and other places to get things I needed. Nowadays I work from home, and I can have most things I want sent to my home without having to go anywhere. My car sees only 2500 miles of driving each year, and that is from weekend trips to the mountains or beach.

  6. I can already imagine a Hollywood movie with Hero's girlfriend or family passing through one of this tunnels with water leaking into it before pouring in….. and then the typical heroics….🙂

  7. when all the cars are being overthrown for supporting human activities, how is that going to help focus sifting human engineering.

  8. My first thought, "Daylight"-1996 👉 👉 there's always an idiot on the road!

  9. Its nothing service at all for public..
    You ve to be charged for any extra
    Facilities in norway such tunel , bridges etc and very expensive..
    The gov just punish its own people ..
    As foreign citizen , if traveling
    By car ..
    After a month. You would get many bills for each tunels and bridges u crossed on the way to oslo 😂😂
    Coz they scan nr plates and send bill to your adress !!
    Its ridiculous land and rules !!!

  10. I live in norway and this video is Lie!!! Because they Will build a small bridge between city tonsberg and Stokke and Just discution take 7 years and they not finishing to decide…

  11. Notice how each proposal only has 2 lanes for each direction. So is guess there arent many people in norway. In UAE, there are 16 lanes for each direction, and we're still stuck in traffic everyday.

  12. The saddest part of this video is how often we hear the words first and proposed … Meaning that these EASY TO ACCOMPLISH feats of design are on hold because of some politicians need to save the time to do it for their political brainwashing act.

  13. Looks amazing! Though it's still all about cars! Hope it is being designed to accomodate new 'personal' and mass transportation systems of the future.

  14. Driving through this tunnel will me a nightmare for me. What if electricity goes down? What if there is a bomb? What if it collapses. For God's sake what's wrong with open roads?

  15. Well, as an engineer this is exciting – BUT knowing how contractor's and estimators estimates are a pie in the sky, this will turn into a 1.5 trillion dollars project – and it will take 35 years.

  16. Absolute lunacy. $47BN for a road, which means it will cost ten times more than the whole Norwegian railway network. If you spent half this amount speeding up the trains, by straightening the railway routes you could carry a lot more people and freight in much greater safety than exposing car drivers to the safety risks inherent in this road !!!!

  17. Norway doesent really want to use up all the nature they are left with. So they save up as much oil as possible

  18. The "Chunnel" took 50 years of planning, stop and go, before finalized. I suspect everyone watching this video will be dead by the time this project is completed.

  19. Wow, that is some incredible engineering and a massive investment in a set of lanes that will depend of fossil fuels to power the vehicles traveling it.  I guess they aren't buying into the global warming lie either.

  20. Just do over the water bridges and get it over with. Trying to save money and procrastinating design values for the future actually holds back current progress with only speculative money needs…..

  21. У нас бы лет 100 строили. Пока Сказочный бы не сдох !!!

  22. I wonder if the engineering plans accounted for the earth's curvature, or were the plans drawn up based on a flat plane?

  23. Is this supposed to impress other creatures on this planet ? Goods can be transported already much faster by air. Communication is already possible and quicker and cheaper. I understand this is a monetary move (Scandinavia has a lot of fossil reserves). But can't we wait until it becomes clear that humans have always misunderstood (or under force forgotten) the other way(s) of transportation and communication without showing off and striking a pose ? These projects are temporary good for creating jobs and so forth… I just thought that Scandinavia had something more to offer than staying in the claws of the one who needs them for 5G. Even your folklore has been raped to "represent" Odin's son who has become a fat, beer-drinking loser after (of course) a non-existing American hero gave his life to save humanity from an evil created by the same American minds. Chinese spies, Swedish girls getting high on Lars Foolrich in… Well, why don't you help Denmark after the next inauguration ? I do admire the innovation but please be careful. Especially when a neighbor of Finland can forget to knock on the door. Nobody has to pay rent to anybody on this planet. She deserves respect though. America has become deaf since a long time, Russia too. And then… It were the Europeans who "founded" the USA through genocide. Respect the world the same way as the Sámi people deserve.

  24. While a nice project, it regretfully does not do much towards promoting ernergy efficient travel.
    Such an amount of money should be invested in ambitious rail infrastructures to offer an alternative to road travel.

  25. If they can build that 16mile underground tunnel at depths of 390meters for only 2 billion dollars.. i would be shocked out of my mind.

  26. Oh hell no , u wouldnt catch me going under that water like that !!! My luck they would have a earth quake an that would be ovet , no thank u !!!

  27. I'll put my life on it those TUNNELS are already there….
    Just like the channel tunnel and the tunnel from America to the UK that they haven't told us about yet.

  28. that's how much the American military complex spends every month fighting illegal wars …..all the while the US infrastructure is falling a part….but hay, trump 2020….fucken morons.

  29. Meanwhile in California, we couldn't even get an above ground highspeed rail line going for twice the price of this!!

  30. Probably cheaper than stupid HS2 railway in the UK. Billions spent already and not a bit of track laid. Greed and corruption is the norm nowadays. Ah ! I should have read the comments before complaining as it seems it is the same all over the world. It doesn't look good for the human race.

  31. This is unbelievable. maybe people should just stay home. There will be terrible catastrophic accident in building this & maintaining it. Good Luck to all…

  32. Meanwhile in Manila, congested Edsa, C5 road, and other national and secondary roads are way behind 6 years of neighboring countries when it comes to public works and highways.

  33. Tento projekt byl fantas magorie a byl norskym Statens Vegvesen odpiskan pro neprimerenou nakladnost. Jsou to jen nesmysly, kdy byly vyrazne podhodnoceny naklady na vystavbu. Takze klidek.

  34. Global warming will make the sea rise and eventually wipe out any construction thats built….
    Its a futile effort Norway…

  35. How do you prevent nitrogen narcosis at more than 300' below sea level? I know when they built the golden gate bridge the workers were working only 150' below sea level and that was a huge problem with the workers getting the bends. However this is highway under the sea at that depth. I'm guessing they must have a way to pressurize the atmosphere in the tunnel but still have it open at each end. I wonder how that works?

  36. Such a beautiful country and you put everyone underground ? MagLev Monorails would be more enjoyable – car carriers. load up the cars and enjoy breakfast in the dining cars…

  37. at the same time they will get million dollar or should i say billion dollar from diamonds, golds etc. while mining

  38. Norway is very clever they didn't join the e.u political union. And there country is booming and is very successful out side the e.u just like the swiss


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