The conflict in Kashmir, explained

The conflict in Kashmir, explained

On February 14th 2019, a suicide bomber attacked
a convoy of Indian security forces. “We’re getting reports of multiple casualties
in a roadside…” He killed at least 40 Indian soldiers here
in Kashmir. “The deadliest attack the region has seen
this century.” The bomber was part of an Islamic militant
group based in Pakistan. “Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility for
that attack.” 12 days later, India carried out airstrikes
in Northwestern Pakistan. Then Pakistan shot down at least one Indian
aircraft around here. Tensions rose between the two rival nations. [“Escalate” repeated in news broadcasts.] “The most serious escalation in years.” Kashmir is one of the most disputed places
on Earth. Over the course of 70 years, it’s been at
the center of three wars fought between two massive armies. It’s heavily occupied by more than half a
million Indian troops and a deadly collection of militias and terrorist groups. Kashmir is the stage for the relentless conflict
between India and Pakistan. But focusing on the two countries can obscure
what’s really at stake: The voice of Kashmiris who are caught in a vicious cycle of violence. Kashmir is one of the most strategic places in the world,
where 3 powerful countries collide: India, Pakistan, and China. China invaded and took this slice of Kashmir from India. And was given this one by Pakistan. India and Pakistan control these parts, but lay claim to more. This region is at the center of a brutal conflict over these disputed borders. So it’s important to start when they were being drawn. In the mid-1800s, India
was a patchwork of several hundred provinces and princely states under British rule. A century later, when British India won independence, the British left and hastily decided to split the region into two. These areas would be a new Muslim-majority
country, Pakistan. And this would be the mostly Hindu, but secular,
India. The partition was bloody. “Communal hatred flares up in the Punjab.” “1 million people become refugees overnight.” “They flee from savagery and butchery that has never
been exceeded, even in India’s stormy history.” Amid the chaos, some princely states were
given the choice to join either country. In most cases, the ruling monarchs followed
the will of their people. But this state, called “Jammu & Kashmir” was
different. It was right along this new border and had
a Muslim-majority population, but was ruled by a Hindu monarch. When asked to pick a side, the ruler chose to stay neutral Fearing that the monarch would join India,
the Kashmiri population rebelled here in 1947 Armed tribesmen from Pakistan soon joined
the fight. The monarch turned to India for military help
and in exchange agreed to join them, which sparked the first Indo-Pakistan war in Kashmir. “Continuing thus increased the
threat to world peace and brought the dispute to the attention of the United Nations. The UN Security Council brokered a ceasefire
in 1949, which established this line with Pakistan controlling this side and India this
one. It also asked Pakistani tribesmen to withdraw
and Indian troops to follow, so that Kashmir could hold a direct vote to decide its own
future. But neither held up their end of the deal. Pakistan argued that Kashmir’s Muslim-majority
population rightfully belonged with them. While India insisted that Kashmir was handed over to them by the Hindu monarch. So they doubled down and added Kashmir to their constution. Both countries continued to tighten their grip around it for decades. “Kashmir. Fighting is going on and heavy casualties in men and equipment have been inflicted on the aggressor.” In 1965, the second India-Pakistan war
broke out in Kashmir. Thousands of people were killed between the
huge armies on both sides. A ceasefire ended the war, but didn’t change
this line. Kashmir was kept divided and occupied. And another war broke out in 1971. This time the focus wasn’t in Kashmir — it was in East Pakistan. Here, India helped rebels fight for independence
and dealt Pakistan a devastating defeat. This region became a new country, Bangladesh, and Pakistan lost its eastern half. This made Kashmir more important than ever: It became one of the most militarized places
on Earth, as India and Pakistan deployed planes, tanks, artillery, and soldiers along the Line
of Control. On the political front, in ’87, India reportedly rigged an election, declaring a pro-India party as the
winner. Now this was a big turning point for many Kashmiris, who felt they were again denied the chance to vote. Thousands took to the streets in Indian-controlled Kashmir to protest the occupation. But India met the movement for independence with harsh resistance. Which quickly escalated to more violence. “In January security forces opened fire on demonstrating separatists, turning a two-year old struggling movement into a full-blown popular uprising.” “More than 600 people have been killed in clashes between troops and separatists.” Kashmiri militias, like the Jammu and Kashmir
Liberation Front, started recruiting Muslim youth to fight for independence. And increasingly attacked the Indian military. Pakistan saw an opportunity in this insurgency. They helped introduce a new kind of militant
group: Radical Islamic fighters who fought for a more pro-Pakistan Kashmir. By the mid ’90s, these groups dominated the
insurgency. India responded with incredible military
force, deploying 500,000 troops to Kashmir. And they cracked down on militants and protestors. Unarmed civilians were killed and many
more were forced to flee the violence. And in ’98 the stakes were raised yet again. “Today India conducted three underground nuclear tests.” “Pakistan today successfully conducted five nuclear tests.” Kashmir became a battleground between two
nuclear-armed nations and another war broke out in 1999. “More evidence of the attacks being launched on the Indian-controlled area of Kargil.” “The past two days have seen some of the fiercest
fighting so far.” “Militant Muslim fighters have also crossed over into some parts of Indian-ruled Kashmir.” The 1999 war ended with another ceasefire, but that didn’t stop either country. Over the years, Pakistan’s militant groups
got bolder and launched terror attacks in Kashmir and outside of Kashmir. In 2001, members of Lashkar-e-Taiba bombed
India’s parliament building in New Delhi killing 14 people. And in 2008, 10 militants from the same group killed 174 people and wounded 300 in Mumbai. Meanwhile, Indian military cracked down in Kashmir, firing bullets and pellets on unarmed protesters. Leaving hundreds wounded and blind. This is the vicious cycle of violence. The Indian Army’s crackdown drives some Kashmiris to join Pakistani-backed militant groups, who carry out violence against the
Indian forces. It’s a cycle that Kashmiri civilians are stuck in the middle of. Which brings us back to 2019. The suicide bomber was 19-year old Adil Ahmed
Dar from Pulwama, Kashmir. According to his parents, in 2016, Indian
police officers stopped him and humiliated him by forcing his face into the ground. The same year he was shot in the leg at a
protest. The next year, Dar left home with his brothers,
to join Jaish-e-Mohammed, a Pakistani-supported militia that radicalized him and trained him
to be a suicide bomber. A year later, he drove explosives into an
Indian military convoy. For more than 70 years India and Pakistan
have driven a cycle of violence, retaliation, and exploitation in Kashmir. But beneath it all is the Kashmiri’s wish to
make a choice. A wish that continues to be suppressed, again and again, by violence.

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100 thoughts on “The conflict in Kashmir, explained

  1. The latest crisis between India and Pakistan over Kashmir comes as India’s Hindu nationalist government has revoked Article 370 of India’s Constitution, which had for decades afforded the Muslim-majority state of Jammu and Kashmir — India’s side of Kashmir — substantial autonomy over its own affairs.

    Read more about the development on Vox:

  2. Seems to me that maybe the best way to settle it will be for Kashmir to become a sovereign independent nation that belongs to neither India nor Pakistan.

  3. Kashmir is destroyed by Pakistan and Kashmiri radical muslim mentality. India has been very nice to Kashmir.
    Just few people in 3 districts of valley want to be Independent. Why should Laddak and Jammu people suffer because of Few Radicle Muslims Kashmiri?

    Every Indian is a stake holder in Kashmir.

  4. The Divide and Rule policy of Britishers Wins atlast not only between India and pak but on other country….. Rest is history

  5. India is the biggest terrorist i agree with a famous indian who said india is being ruled by the Hindu version of the taliban they revoked article 370 which gave independence to Kashmir they want rich Indians to buy everything up.

  6. Interviewed persons should call and asked their new opinion after 28th days of prisoner life. Kashmir is belongs to Pakistan and Indian War Ghazawa e Hind has started now…

  7. The past brutality towards kashmiri pandits which killed a lot and many were forced to fled.
    This will never be forgiven and every Indian wants to get a revenge.

  8. @Vox: It is good for information but you are not aware of the deep rooted issues and history of Kashmir and neither the complexities involved related to article 370. By calling India secular and at the same time calling the ruling party as Hindu Nationalist government I hope you don't describe the globe as Christians dominated world in terms of population in your other videos.

  9. These militants drove away Kashmiri Sikhs and Hindus. These people are now homeless in their own country. Give away violence and join hands for peace. India is always beautiful for everyone. Give a chance.

  10. 🙋Hi sir, i am a subscriber of u r channel .Plz explain and make one video BALOCHISTAN history , thousands of citizens missing…,development and border problems….👍

  11. Best solution… Hold referendum under UN observers…. Let the people decide their fate… India will never agree to this… It doesn't have kashmiri people support

  12. All is mentioned but no mention of thousands killed in K on the name of religion by Muslims and hals a millions were forced to flee.

  13. When the king of Kashmir asked India for hello he made a agreement after the war india will gave the right to Kashmir for referendum but India didn't gave them that right

  14. Kashmiri's are asking for freedom by saying they dont want to be either with India, nor with Pakistan. If India allows it, they will form an independent state. Good enough. The problem is, after some time, the newly formed Kashmiri state shall voluntarily join Pakistan. Geography wise, the region of Kashmir has strategic importance. This is the reason Kashmir is and shall always be part of India. Also the Kashmiri's shall never prosper under Pakistani rule. If they want to prosper, their best chance is alliance with India. Also, the worst mistake the Kashmiri muslims did was to rain atrocities on pandits (Hindus) who were also legitimate citizens of Kashmir and driving them overnight from Kashmir, with due support from Pakistani militia. Overnight the Hindus in Kashmir lost their land, business, life, everything to the muslims. This act has cost the present Kashmiri Muslims of any dream of independence. (Note: VOX must redo this report and include the Kashmiri Hindus exodus from the state during the 90s).

  15. I am a Indian from pune maharashtra i think india and pakistan should free kashmir and give kashmiris there freedom including sikhs hindus buddhist will be transplant back in kashmir let india and pakistan have some peace and also kashmiris too.

  16. You will be free when you are ready to Stop supporting terrorism . And if Pakistan dare to start another war, That will be the beginning of the end of Pakistan.

  17. Just like what's happening in Hong Kong and in South Africa, the British was really ingenious in their "Divide and Conquer" technique.

  18. Be ashamed to spread half truths… You didnt mention a single word about the plight of Kashmiri pandits . Shame on journalistic values

  19. Most bissed documentary u ar mentioning attacks in india but u forget to mention hundreds of attacks in pakistan by RAW

  20. Painful to watch this. Leave them alone. Pakistan and India should mind their own land and business. Let Kashmir be an independent country.

  21. Now the Question is this, People of Azad Kashmir (Part of Pakistan) are happy. But the people of (Jammu Kashmir) aren’t happy. Why???
    They are struggling for freedom and that’s why they are being killed, why???

  22. Now the Question is this, People of Azad Kashmir (Part of Pakistan) are happy. But the people of (Jammu Kashmir) aren’t happy. Why???
    They are struggling for freedom and that’s why they are being killed, why???

  23. the king signed instrument of accession with India , in1990's the muslim majority population of kashmir shot hindu kashmiris and forced them to leave their houses , more than a 1000 hindus were killed and about 2 million were forced to leave. this another part of the whole story which is often missed sometimes deliberately. India and hindus have always been the victims of foreign invasions and rule . kashmir has been our land since ancient times , pakistan and bangladesh were also our parts now gone .
    this video has only focused on things or information which they could collect from the Indian side maybe they werent even allowed to get information from pakistan occupied kashmir .

  24. It's simple brother. …….do a referendum in kashmir and ask them if they wants to live Pakistan or India or b as independent. ……
    Sir I'm from Pakistan and all Pakistanis demanded that v don't need kashmir. ….v only wants to free kashmir from the endians mob lynching

  25. I don't understand if Kahsmiri want freedom , and Pakistan loves kashmiris , how come "Kashmir banega Pakistan" be their tagline? It clearly indicates they are not at all interested in will of Kashmiris just like India

  26. Wow only show indian adminsterd Jammu and Kashmir but not showing story of pok,,ohh I forget how can you talk to terrorist people without getting killed

  27. Didn’t do your homework properly… Do research about Kashmiri pandits and yeah India 🇮🇳 has its own nuke where as Pakistani nuke is literally the gift frm USA……

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